Archives of Current Research International <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Archives of Current Research International (ISSN: 2454-7077)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/ACRI/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘research’. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Archives of Current Research International 2454-7077 Evaluation of the Antinutrients, Amino Acid Profile and Physicochemical Properties of Hura crepitan Seed <p><strong>The Objectives of the Study: </strong>To evaluate the Antinutritional components, Amino acid profiles and the physic-chemical properties of <em>Hura crepitan</em> (Sand box) seed.</p> <p><strong>Design of the Study:</strong> This study was structured to fit into using a combination of T-test and one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to evaluate the data obtained from the laboratory analysis.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong>This research work was done at the Department of Food Science and Technology Laboratory, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria, between May 2019 and November 2019.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The mature dry fruits of the <em>Hura crepitan</em> seeds were harvested from the plants on Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State campus.</p> <p>The <em>Hura crepitan</em> seeds were sorted in order to remove dirts and foreign other foreign contaminants. The cleaned seeds were divided into four portions and stored in separate glass containers for further processing. The first portion of the seeds were dried at 60°C in Gallen Kamp moisture extraction oven for 6 hours at and pulverised in a Monilex blended into flour, some seeds were boiled while some portions were roasted and processed into fine flour and subsequently subjected to analysis to evaluate the antinutritional contents, amino acid s as well as determining the physic-chemical properties of the samples.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The results obtained suggested that the anti-nutrients in the raw seed-flour were flavonoids with 17.50%, alkaloid (6.20%), tannin (5.24%), and cyanogenic glycoside (1.76%). Fermentation and moist cooking were found to be more effective in the reduction of the anti-nutrients in the <em>Hura crepitan</em> seeds. The amino acid profiles were evaluated, and twenty amino acids were identified in the seed flour. The three major ones implicated were arginine (3.25 g/100 g in cooked and 8.05 g/100 g in fermented), glutamic acid (6.05 g/100 g in cooked and 10.2 g/100 g in fermented) and valine (8.03 g/100 g in raw and 8.58 g/100 g in fermented). The limiting amino acid is methionine with a chemical score of 44.52%. the physicochemical properties of the sandbox seeds evaluated suggested that the free fatty acids values ranged from 3.60% to 6.03% and there were no significant differences (P&gt;0.05) among the samples, the iodine value ranged from 104.94% to 126.90%, the peroxide value for the sample varies between 2.96% to 44.81%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study suggested that the <em>Hura crepitan</em> seed contains appreciable amounts of essential amino acids as well as having good physicochemical properties while the use of moist heat and/or fermentation can reduce the antinutritional components to the bearest minimum. Hence, can be utilized some areas of food industries where protein (amino acids) are critically required.</p> E. C. Nwokenkwo J. N. Nwosu N. C. Onuegbu I. A. Olawuni A. F. Ofoedum ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 1 17 10.9734/acri/2020/v20i530192 Effect of Three Pickling Agents on the Physico-chemical Properties of Two Varieties of Cucumber Stored under Tropical Ambient Conditions <p>The experiment was conducted to determine the effect of three pickling agents on the physico-chemical properties of two varieties of cucumber (Poinsett and Marketmore) stored under ambient conditions for 90 days. A 2x3 factorial design in a Completely Randomized Design with 3 replications was used for the study. The treatment consisted of two varieties of cucumbers (Poinsett and Marketmore) and three pickling solutions (Brine, Vinegar and Brine + Vinegar). The study revealed that Brine + Vinegar solution recorded the highest firmness (19.17N) whiles Brine solution recorded the least firmness of 8.25N. For the pH, there were no significant differences between the two varieties of cucumber, the pickling solutions and their interaction. Brine + Vinegar solution recorded the highest titratable acidity (12.03%) whiles Brine solution recorded the least titratable acidity (3.90%). For the interaction, Marketmore in Brine + Vinegar recorded the highest mean (13.10%), whiles Marketmore and Poinsett in Brine recorded the least means for titratable acidity (3.73% and 4.07% respectively). For the total soluble solids, no significant difference was observed between the two varieties. Brine solution and Brine + Vinegar solution recorded the highest total soluble solids (3.70 Brix and 3.01 Brix respectively). Vinegar solution recorded the least (1.65 Brix) total soluble solids. For the interaction, Marketmore and Poinsett in Brine recorded the highest total soluble solid (3.67 Brix and 3.73 Brix respectively) while Marketmore and Poinsett in Vinegar recorded the least mean for the total soluble solid content (1.63 Brix and 1.67 Brix respectively).</p> A. Boakye- Dankwa B. K. Maleekuu P. Kumah P. K. Tandoh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-13 2020-07-13 18 23 10.9734/acri/2020/v20i530193 Practices of Nurses for the Care of Premature in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Literature Review <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To analyze the nursing care provided to premature infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Descriptive study with a qualitative approach, such as literature review. The selection of articles took place from August to October 2018. The searches resulted in the visualization of 75 articles. Of which only 12 articles met the established criteria and descriptors.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The main nursing care provided to premature infants in the NICU are: Observation of the premature infant, in the first 24 hours of life; hydration; food; skin; infection; umbilical stump, among others.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> When the NB is hospitalized, due to the mother's absence associated with excessive manipulation by the health team, it can trigger stress, impairing her clinical condition. More than technical care is needed, especially by nurses, who are the professionals who most provide care to the newborn in the NICU.</p> Renata Santos Silva Árgila Gonçalves de Carvalho Santana Thayná Oliveira Militão Letícia Gomes de Oliveira Lilian Clélia Machado Fagundes Caroline Marinho Pereira Ludmilla Marinho Maciel Cláudia Catarina de Andrade Monteiro Felipe Souza Nascimento Thifanny Gonçalves de Lira Larissa Maria Soares Ribeiro Sarah Nunes Gaia Carlos Magno Vitor da Silva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-16 2020-07-16 24 30 10.9734/acri/2020/v20i530194 Assessment of Fasting Blood Glucose Level of Undergraduates in Abeokuta Ogun State Nigeria <p><strong>Objectives: </strong>Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) is a condition where Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) is above normal but not high enough to be considered diabetic. Impaired fasting glucose is linked with many co-morbid diseases such as obesity, dyslipidemia and hypertension. The study assessed the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose concentration among undergraduates in Ogun state South-West Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>A purposive sampling technique was used to select three hundred undergraduate students willing and ready participant. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to obtain the socio-economic information of the undergraduates. Fasting blood glucose, weight, height and blood pressure were determined using glucometer, weighing scale, height meter and sphygmomanometer respectively.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The result of the study showed that the prevalence of IFG among undergraduate in South West Nigeria was 11.0% (n=33) of total participants. A higher prevalence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) was found with females than males. Body mass index of the subject reviewed that (11.0%, n=33) were underweight, (61.0%, n=183) had normal weight, (27.3%, n=82) were overweight and (0.7%, n=2) were obese.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion, some of the participants had abnormal FBG (11%, n=33). Nutritional program/workshop should be organized by the institutions to enable undergraduates make a healthy, responsible lifestyle choices and consume a well-balanced diet.</p> Nupo Sunday Sedodo Olunusi Patience Abosede O. A. Ilori M. K. Adenekan Ojo Mariam Idowu A. O. Nupo J. V. Akinlotan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 42 49 10.9734/acri/2020/v20i530196 Ethnotherapeutic Profile of Medicinal Plants Used during Postnatal Recovery (Postpartum) in South Eastern Nigeria: A Review <p>Plant derived bioactive constituent has lead credence to usage of medicinal plants namely spices in postnatal recovery in most cultures especially in South Eastern Nigeria. Postpartum is a critical phase leading to recovery for the nursing mother and improved health condition for the new born. Most of these medicinal plants play important role and are used as diet therapy after childbirth to induce contraction of the uterus, energy induction and improve production of breast milk. A systematic and comprehensive review of these medicinal plants for holistic utilization is pertinent. Therefore, this review validates and highlights the health benefits of medicinal plants used during postpartum period in South Eastern Nigeria.</p> V. Adaku Iwueke C. Ezinne Chukwu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 31 41 10.9734/acri/2020/v20i530195